A cricket ground is generally huge, but the result of a match is decided within a 22-yard pitch. This 22-yard rectangular area of 10 feet width becomes a battlefield for two teams playing against each other.
When we think of a cricket match the first thing that strikes our mind is “HOW THE PITCH WOULD BE FOR TODAY’S MATCH?” and this exhibits the importance of pitch in the game of cricket. Each pitch has its own criterion which makes it either batsmen or bowler friendly. A bowler-friendly pitch can force the batsmen to return to the pavilion in each delivery whereas a batting pitch can stop a bowler from continuing his spell.
A pitch when starts behaving equally for both batsman and bowler, it is considered a good pitch and this type of pitches make the match quite interesting.
TYPES OF PITCHES
Cricket pitches are mainly categorized into 3 types -:
1. DEAD PITCH
2. DUSTY PITCH
3. GREEN PITCH
These pitches are completely flat with no grass and no moisture. The grasses on this pitch are rolled down and each drop the moisture is taken away. These dark-colored pitches are heaven for batsmen as it has no help for bowlers.
Most of the Dead pitches are mainly found in Indian subcontinents. ODI and T20 matches are mainly played in this type of pitches. As these wickets have nothing for bowlers the batsmen continue to put runs on the scoreboard leaving the bowlers in a state of trouble. But the game played in these wickets are very much interesting because of the huge maximums from the batsmen.
In this type of pitches, the seam bowlers show their class by pace and swinging deliveries. These pitches have a lot of grass and movement for the seam bowlers. Green pitches are known as the nightmare for the batsmen against the seamers.
Green pitches having green grass on it makes it less abrasive on the ball and helps the ball to swing easily. Along with swing, the bounce in these wickets is unpredictable. Even if these pitches seem to help the seam bowlers but serve absolutely nothing for a spinner. These types of pitches are found in western countries of the globe and mainly preferred for TEST CRICKET.
The surface of the dusty pitch is soft and unrolled which creates a great help for the spin bowlers. These pitches are easier to bat as compared to other two because in this wicket the bounce of the ball can be predicted by the batsmen. Dusty pitches are mostly found in subcontinents. These wickets are not that difficult to score as the deliveries normally stay low which can be easily faced by the batsmen. But spinners with great skills can pick up a bunch of wickets in these pitches.