In cricket analyzing the field, positions is very much important for every player. This is the first teaching which is given to a beginner while starting the journey of cricket. A piece of perfect knowledge about the field positions helps the batsman as well as the bowler to give their best.
Out of 11 players on the field, the position of wicket keeper and bowler always remains at the opposite ends. And the remaining 9 players are assigned to different positions according to the captain of the team. Some positions such as square leg, slip, fine leg, long off, long on, cover are employed very commonly and other positions are used less often. There are many more field positions but 9 players cannot cover all those, so the captain is given the authority to manage them according to the opponent team’s batsmen.
A cricket field is divided into two parts, one is the 30-yard circle and the rest is the remaining part of the ground. The field positions are :-
(THESE ARE THE FIELDING POSITIONS FOR A RIGHT HANDED BATSMAN, FOR A LEFT HANDED BATSMAN JUST REVERSE IT AND THE POSITIONS REMAINS THE SAME)
This position is straight opposite to the bowler’s end and just behind stumps. The player assigned at this position is equipped with gloves and pads.
This position is also behind the stumps but beside the wicketkeeper. There can be multiple slips next to each other such as First slip, Second Slip, Third Slip, Fourth Slip, etc. In general multiple slips are assigned in Test Cricket rather than in One day Cricket.
Gully is the position beside the slips inside the 30-yard circle approximately 20-30 degree with respect to the line joining the stumps and the wicketkeeper.
Leg gully is the fielding position on the leg side of the batsman between 3rd/4th slip and the point.
A field position on the off side near the popping crease and around 3-4 yards away from the batsman. The fielder assigned at this position is equipped with a helmet and pad.
Short Leg position is just opposite of the silly point but on the Onside. The fielder assigned at this position is equipped with a helmet and pad.
SILLY MID OFF
A fielding position on the off side close to the pitch and the non-striker’s end.
SILLY MID ON
This position is at the opposite of the silly mid off but on the On side.
This is a position on the off side where better fielders are assigned as this area is very much prone to drives. The cover area starts from the point and ends at the mid off. The area within this also covers the extra cover.
Deep cover is an area on the off side of the ground where the fielders with safe hands are placed. When the cover is back on the boundary, it is known as Deep cover.
It is a position along the crease on the off side of the ground inside the 30-yard circle.
Deep point is the position on the off side along the crease near the boundary.
Fine leg is a position on the ON SIDE at around 45 degrees to the wicket (striker’s end). If at this position the fielder is inside the 30-yard circle it is known as SHORT FINE LEG and if near the boundary then DEEP FINE LEG.
It is a position on the OFF SIDE close to the bowler. The players with good fitness are assigned at this position to prevent quick singles and straight drives.
When the Mid-off is sent back on the boundary, this position is termed as Long-off.
It is a position on the LEG SIDE or ON SIDE close to the bowler.
Long-on is placed same on the line of the MID-ON at the boundary on the leg side.
This field position is rarely assigned. But if the pitch has turn and bounce then a leg slip is really useful. Players with good reflexes are assigned as leg slip.
SHORT THIRD MAN
This is a position inside the 30-yard circle between the wicketkeeper and the point.
When the SHORT THIRD MAN is pushed to the boundary rope, it is known as the THIRD MAN.
It is a term used to define the position between the LONG ON and DEEP MID WICKET on the boundary. This position is highly vulnerable for the batsmen having a high slogging ability.
Mid-wicket is a position in the 30-yard circle between the square leg and mid-on.
When the mid-wicket is pushed back to the boundary rope, that position is known as Deep mid-wicket.
It is the position along the crease in the leg side of the ground.
DEEP SQUARE LEG
Deep square leg is back on the boundary on the leg side along the crease.